Title: Trelew 72
Photographer(s): Emilser Pereira
Archivist: José Alberto “Chujo” Feldman
Writer(s): Martin Fresneda, Judith Said
Publisher(s): Archivo Nacional de la Memoria de la Secretaría de Derechos Humanos de la Nación, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Size: 23 x 25 cm
Nation(s) and year(s) of Protest: Argentina, 1972
This book was born thanks to the archive of Diario of Jornada of Chubut Region, curated by José Alberto “Chujo” Feldman, with unpublished photos that built the itinerary of the struggle before and after the “Massacre of Trelew”.
Trelew was the scene of a massacre in 1972. A breakout of political prisoners at the federal penitentiary resulted in the death of one guard and the attempted flight of about 100 individuals who opposed the military dictatorship which followed the overthrow of President Arturo Illia. A small group of prisoners succeeded in commandeering a plane and flying to safety in Chile. The rest submitted to the authorities and were returned to a military prison, where 19 were shot (three survived) by military of Army of Almirante Zar Base in Trelew during the presidency of Alejandro Lanusse.
The town of Trelew was searched by the military and locals were seized and taken to the Villa Devoto prison in Buenos Aires. Virtually the entire town went on strike and succeeded in securing the release of the prisoners at Villa Devoto.