Title: Playa Giron
Photographer(s): Raúl Corrales
Writer(s): Ana Julia Faya
Designer(s): Raúl Martinez
Publisher(s): Editorial Letras Cubanas, La Habana, Cuba
Size: 21 x 28 cm
Edition: 2^nd 1985, 3^ rd 1991
Print: Combinado Poligrafico"Alfredo Lopez, La Habana, Cuba
Nation(s) and year(s) of Protest: Cuba, 1961
A year and a month before the landing of the mercenary Brigade 2506 on 17 April 1961, US President Dwight D. Eisenhower ordered on 17 March 1960 to begin training an expeditionary force against Cuba. Operation Pluto was the name of this plan of aggression, organized, financed and executed by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).All counter-revolutionary activity, internal and external, before and after the invasion of Playa Larga and Playa Girón (known as the Bay of Pigs, in the south of the central Cuban province of Matanzas) was in the hands of the CIA.
For these conquests the Cuban revolutionaries were ready to win or die in 1961, in the defence of the sands of Playa Larga and Girón. Together with the rebel soldiers and the National Revolutionary Police, the militias were the largest group of troops in Cuba, made up of workers, peasants, students and the general population.
The Committees for the Defence of the Revolution (CDR), the main mass organization, also played an important role in neutralizing disaffected elements.