Title: Miradas,ecos y reflejos...de la utopia al zapatismo y viceversa
Photographer(s): Various photographers
Writer(s): Gloria Muñoz Ramírez
Designer(s): Carlos Peña
Publisher(s): Comisión Confederal de Solidaridad con Chiapas, Madrid, Spain
Size: 21,5 x 22 cm
Print: Queimada, Spain
Nation(s) and year(s) of Protest: Mexico, 1994-2004
including a CD with an interview to Gloria Muñoz Ramírez
On the first of January 1994, what became known worldwide as the Zapatista Movement was made public in Mexico. In the form of an armed insurrection, the Zapatista Army of National Liberation (EZLN) emerged from the mountains of southeastern Mexico, in the state of Chiapas. and took the city of San Cristóbal de las Casas and other important points in the state. The indigenous movement movement had as its spokesman "Subcomandante Marcos", who would soon become known (and translated) internationally.
According to writer Carlos Fuentes, it was the first post-communist social movement as well as
with the characteristic of the (neo-) Zapatista movement that was the massive participation of indigenous women at all levels: as part of the political leadership, in the armed organization, and as civilian support bases.
As part of the "Revolutionary Laws" that they made known in their uprising, there is the
Revolutionary Women's Law, which establishes a series of rights vis-à-vis the national state,
the political-military organization, and the indigenous communities.