Title: El tancazo de ese 29 de junio...
Photographer(s): Archivio Quimantù
Writer(s): Gabriel Araus, Marìa Elena Hurtado, Matilde Wolter
Designer(s): Guillermo Urquizar
Publisher(s): Empresa Editora Nacinal Quimantù, Santiago del Chile, Chile
Size: 18 x 25 cm
Print: Santiago del Chile, Chile
Nation(s) and year(s) of Protest: Chile, 1973
The book presents the climax of this conspiratorial process called - The Tanquetazo or Tancazo - it was an attempted coup in Chile on 29 June 1973 against the Popular Socialist Unity (UP) government of President Salvador Allende . The uprising was led by Lieutenant Colonel Roberto Souper, commanding the 2nd Armoured Regiment with sixteen military vehicles and almost a hundred soldiers, and was called 'Tanquetazo' because mainly tanks and heavy tanks were used in the attempt.
The military uprising was successfully put down by soldiers loyal to the army's commander-in-chief, Carlos Prats, although it resulted in 22 deaths - among civilians and soldiers, and more than 100 injured - and would contribute to worsening the crisis within the Allende government, which would eventually be overthrown a few months later in the coup d'état of 11 September 1973 .
The publication, published as Documento Especial by Quimantú, offers an intimate retrospective of that first concrete coup attempt, showing the still widespread struggle within the army in mid-1973 between the principles of obedience and deliberation. It was only American imposition, through the CIA, that forced the military to intervene in order to control the country and ward off the Marxist drift in South America.